Spotlight 9 Workbook 71

Martial Arts Novels Journalism
2022 Jun 01

71 Spotlight 9. Workbook

1. Read the text once quickly and answer the question below. What is this text generally about? . , , ?

A) The dangers of martial arts

) Places to learn martial arts

.

) Advice on when and how to use martial arts

, .

This text gives advices on on when and how to use martial arts  , .

2. Fill in the gaps with the phrases A-G below. There is one phrase that you do not need to use. -G. .

A) and that is when a martial arts technique can save you from harm

;

) martial arts teach you ways to protect yourself when in danger

, ;

) to defend yourself from an attack

D) rather than violently trying to harm your attacker

, ;

E) taking all the points discussed above into account

, ;

F) this can cause fatal injuries

;

G) never have to use self-defence techniques in their lifetimes

.

Martial arts are studied for a number of reasons. People take up martial arts classes for spiritual reasons, as a form of exercise or maybe because they want to fight in martial arts competitions. Mostly, however,1)) martial arts teach you ways to protect yourself when in danger.But how do martial arts help you improve your self-defence?

Firstly, it must be noted that you should use martial arts techniques only when it is necessary. For example, if a mugger snatches your bag, dont put up a fight. Indeed, many people say that the best martial arts experts2)G) never have to use self-defence techniques in their lifetimes.The most important self-defence skills are being aware of your surroundings, as well as the ability to run away from a threatening situation. Having that said, even the most careful person can be physically attacked,3)A)and that is when a martial arts technique can save you from harm.

Obviously the best martial arts techniques to learn are defensive rather than attacking techniques. You should concentrate on defending yourself and giving yourself enough time to run away4) D)rather than violently trying to harm your attacker.You should also note that you usually have a very short period of time5)) to defend yourself from an attack.Therefore you should try to learn hand-to-hand combat techniques rather than kicking techniques (like the ones used in Taekwondo or Savate). The hands are far quicker than the legs and attackers usually grasp the upper body. It is also best to try to learn techniques that do not need a lot of strength.

Most martial arts include defensive techniques but,6)E) taking all the points discussed above into accountthe best martial arts to take up are the Korean martial art Hapkido and the Japanese martial art Aikido. Both these martial arts concentrate on defensive hand-to-hand techniques that twist your opponents joints. Whatever martial art you decide on, keep working on it continually. Attacks can happen swiftly, so you need to have muscle memory to instantly trigger your techniques into action. But always remember: your common sense and intuition to avoid risks are your most important skills of all.

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3. Read the text again and mark the statements below as T (True), F (False) or NS (Not stated). , , (), F () NS ( )

Martial arts are popular with young people.

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When in danger, it is better to try to escape rather than stay and fight.

, .

You must be strong to practise martial arts.

, .

Its necessary to practise your martial arts techniques often.

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4. Look at the highlighted words in the text and choose the most appropriate definition for them, as they appear in the text. ( ).

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